Documentation

Learn all about jCanvas

Draggable Layers

Basic Usage

Layers can be made draggable using the draggable property.

$('canvas')
.drawArc({
  layer: true,
  draggable: true,
  fillStyle: '#36c',
  x: 150, y: 150,
  radius: 50
})
.drawRect({
  layer: true,
  draggable: true,
  fillStyle: '#6c1',
  x: 100, y: 100,
  width: 100, height: 100
});

By default, draggable shapes will not move to the front when dragged. To change this behavior, set the bringToFront property to true.

$('canvas')
.drawArc({
  layer: true,
  draggable: true,
  bringToFront: true,
  fillStyle: '#36c',
  x: 150, y: 150,
  radius: 50
})
.drawRect({
  layer: true,
  draggable: true,
  bringToFront: true,
  fillStyle: '#6c1',
  x: 100, y: 100,
  width: 100, height: 100
});

Drag Events

You can provide callbacks for when any drag event occurs by defining dragstart, drag, dragstop, and dragcancel callbacks.

  • dragstart: Triggers when you start dragging a layer
  • drag: Triggers as you drag a layer
  • dragstop: Triggers when you stop dragging a layer
  • dragcancel: Triggers when you drag a layer off the edge of the canvas
$('canvas').drawArc({
  layer: true,
  draggable: true,
  bringToFront: true,
  fillStyle: '#36c',
  x: 150, y: 150,
  radius: 50,
  dragstart: function() {
    // code to run when dragging starts
  },
  drag: function(layer) {
    // code to run as layer is being dragged
  },
  dragstop: function(layer) {
   // code to run when dragging stops
  }
});

The dragging property

At any time, you can determine if a layer is currently being dragged by checking its dragging property. When the layer is being dragged, its value is true. Otherwise, its value is false.

Drag groups

jCanvas allows you to assign a drag group to a layer. This means that when the layer is dragged, all other layers in the same layer group will also be dragged.

This draggable grouping is achieved when you add the dragGroups property to any (typically all) layers in the same layer group.

// Both layers will be dragged together
$('canvas')
.drawArc({
  layer: true,
  draggable: true,
  groups: ['shapes'],
  dragGroups: ['shapes'],
  fillStyle: '#36c',
  x: 150, y: 150,
  radius: 50
})
.drawRect({
  layer: true,
  draggable: true,
  groups: ['shapes'],
  dragGroups: ['shapes'],
  fillStyle: '#6c1',
  x: 100, y: 100,
  width: 100, height: 100
});

Restricting dragging to an axis

You can restrict the dragging of any layer to either the x or y axis using the restrictDragToAxis property.

$('canvas')
.drawArc({
  layer: true,
  draggable: true,
  fillStyle: '#36c',
  x: 150, y: 150,
  radius: 50,
  restrictDragToAxis: 'x'
})
.drawRect({
  layer: true,
  draggable: true,
  fillStyle: '#6c1',
  x: 100, y: 100,
  width: 100, height: 100,
  restrictDragToAxis: 'y'
});

Please note that if a layer in a drag group has restricted draggability, then all the draggability of all other layers in that drag group will also be restricted only when the original layer is dragged.

Snap-to-grid dragging

If you wish to have your layers snap to a grid when dragged, you can do with the updateDragX and updateDragY callbacks, along with some simple math.

// The pixel multiple to snap to
var snapToAmount = 40;
// Round the given value to the nearest multiple of n
function nearest(value, n) {
  return Math.round(value / n) * n;
}
$('canvas').drawArc({
  layer: true,
  draggable: true,
  fillStyle: '#36c',
  x: 160, y: 120,
  radius: 50,
  updateDragX: function (layer, x) {
    return nearest(x, snapToAmount);
  },
  updateDragY: function (layer, y) {
    return nearest(y, snapToAmount);
  }
})
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